How our digestion works?
The role of the GI tract is to process food we eat, we ingest the food mechanically and chemically, nutrients are taken out, and the waste production are eliminated in the faeces.
Motility is known as the movement of food, which travels through the GI, this is known as peristalsis.
The mouth begins chewing, saliva excreted, starches are broken down, the oesophagus swallows, stomach relaxes, food can enter, the bottom of the stomach acid is produced, proteins are broken down, the small intestine secretes digestive enzymes, starches, proteins and carbohydrates are broken down. The pancreas excretes pancreatic enzymes, breaks down starch, fat and protein, the liver producer’s bile and help break down the fat.
The small intestine nutrients are absorbed, it is located between the main role is the absorption of minerals and nutrients from our food. The mucosa is the inner wall of small intestine it is covered in columnar epithelial tissue, they contain pilcae structures, contain villi and micro villi. These villi increase the surface area, so nutrients are able to be absorbed. Lacteals are close to the surface of the villi, lacteals transport nutrients to the lumen and then absorbed by the blood vessels, which are then distributed to all areas of our body.
Unabsorbed and indigested nutrients are passed, and moved into the large intestine.
The remaining unwanted wastes and toxins are then released via the cecum, in form of our pooh.
Digestive enzymes and production
The digestive enzymes have different roles to play in our digestion:
Lipase - supports in breaking down fats.
Amylase - is for carbohydrates.
Protease and peptide - which breaks down most of our proteins.
Lactose - breaks lactose derived from dairy, (heard of lactose intolerance).
Insufficient digestive enzymes production can be from low acidic production in the stomach, which stems from over use of antacids, most enzymes need a slightly acidic environment for breaking down the appropriate enzymes
It is important to have a good liver function as well, poor enzyme production leads to bloating, IBS, absorption issues, leaky gut, risk of parasites, SIBO, even inflammation and bone health.
In my appointments assessing this is very important, as part of my consultation, a good way for me to assess enzyme issues is through iridology, and how is your POOH! The pooh is a great tool to assess poor absorption.
Individual enzymes maybe required for certain conditions or absorption issues.
Foods that can really benefit for digestion are bitter greens, pineapples, paw paw, dandelions tea, ginger.
Getting your gut right and healing is also the key in getting proper absorption and gut bacteria optimal, these need to be right.
All diseases stem from the gut.
Need some help with getting your gut back on track?
I can help.